Girls and women in Mexico, at constant risk of suffering femicide

Girls and women in Mexico, at constant risk of suffering femicide
Girls and women in Mexico, at constant risk of suffering femicide

Last April 6 the girl Victoria Guadalupe was disappeared, six years old. Around 5 in the afternoon she went to the stationery store, but she never returned to her house located in the Paseos del Marqués subdivision, in the municipality of El Marqués, Querétaro.

That Wednesday night Victoria’s family reported her disappearance to the authoritieswho issued the amber alert. The family together with brigades of neighbors and neighbors began looking for Victoria throughout the subdivision and surrounding neighborhoods. Two days later, a neighbor found Victoria’s body in the same condominium where she lived, victim of femicide.

As night fell on April 6, neighbors blocked Highway 210 to demand that the authorities speed up the search for the minor, shouting: “We want Victoria alive!“.

We suggest: During López Obrador’s six-year term, femicide has increased 4% nationwide

According to the girl’s aunt, until the morning of April 7, the authorities implemented the search operation with more than 100 members of security and not immediately as stated by the Querétaro Attorney General’s Office.

The morning of Friday, April 8, Victoria’s lifeless body It was found wrapped in plastic, in an area near the subdivision that had already been checked before. The inhabitants came to the place to claim to the authorities the not having inspected house to house within the Paseos del Marqués subdivision.

On April 10, after searching some apartments, the authorities reported that stopped to Salvador “N”, a 26-year-old man. A day later they linked him to the process for his “possible intervention in the death of the girl Victoria”, murdered by “asphyxiation by strangulation”, also had “injuries of a sexual nature”, detailed Margarita Luna Téllez, deputy prosecutor for Investigation and Prosecution of Crime in that entity.

The Specialized Prosecutor for Femicides of Querétaro provided the genetic tests obtained from the body of the minor and the accused, which gave positive results. In addition, it was detailed that in the department of that man Victoria’s footwear was found.

savior “N” will remain in pretrial detention for the femicide of Victoria Guadalupe while the investigation is going on. On Monday, April 11, there were protests in Querétaro and Mexico City to demand justice for the girl.

Debanhi Susana Escobar Bazaldua

After 13 days of searching for Debanhi Susana Escobar BazalduaOn the night of April 21, the Nuevo León Prosecutor’s Office found a body in an abandoned cistern at the Nueva Castilla motel. In the early hours of this April 22, mario escobarDebanhi’s dad, confirmed that the body is that of his daughter, after identifying the clothes he was wearing on the day of his disappearance. He demanded justice and to know why Debanhi disappeared.

On April 9, the disappearance of the 18-year-old girl was reported. Debanhi Escobarwho that day attended a meeting in the municipality of Escobedo with two friends who left the place, and who presumably called a trusted driver to take the girl back to her house, but she did not return. The last thing known about Debanhi is that the driver left her on the side of the road in the Nueva Castilla area and sent a photograph of her to her friends.

Mario Escobar questioned that “there were many days and the Prosecutor’s Office did not do its job correctly”, “I was wrong, I believed in the Prosecutor’s Office”. He denounced that they did not provide him with the investigation folder, questioned that they searched the motel four times and that until the fifth time they found the body and that no people were detained. Also, he denounced the driver for harassing Debanhi, “my daughter is killed by incompetent people, by people who harass.”

The Prosecutor’s Office has not confirmed that it is Debanhi, as they await DNA tests.

Such may interest: Femicides increase but the government refuses to declare a gender alert throughout the country

How does femicide affect all women and girls?

Faced with the increase in violence against women and girls, “we are experiencing a lot of indifferencea criminal omissionthe authorities do not recognize that we are facing a national emergency”, explained the doctor of law Patricia Olamendi Torresinternational consultant to the UN and member of the feminist network We Have Other Data.

The human rights and freedoms of women are being violating in all spheres. There is no care, no access to Justice, no security to transitNot even to go to school. There is no security for girls, because they have the danger of disappearanceHe told us in an interview.

“We also have this government discourse of total denial of reality. We are living this in front of the absence of policiesdecrease in resources and programs to deal with it”, specified the expert in women’s rights.

No security policy to prevent femicide violence

For Patricia Olamendi, violence against women it is structural and institutionalized, because until now there is no government strategy to address the emergency. So he told us, this is a problem public safety and national security because it involves all the girls and women of the country.

In addition, government programs for women have disappeared or suffered budget cuts. The Support Program for Women’s Instances in the Federal Entities (PAIMEF), the only program for the prevention of violence against women, until the first days of April was still paralyzed, he said.

She added that most of the houses of peasant women disappeared, as well as the support for the municipalities for the prevention and combat of violence against women.

“The shelters for women experiencing violence one year they fight for a budget, the next year someone gives it to them. But to the extent that there is not the minimum support in the subsidy, they are going to disappear”, warned Olamendi Torres.

In addition, he explained to us that in several Latin American countries there are specialized prosecutors that deal with sexist violence, with police and specialized police stations. However, “in Mexico they refuse to create specialized courtsthey do not understand that specialty is essential for put an end to impunity in violence against women”, which is 98%, he said.

He insisted that the femicide can be prevented because women are going to report or enter hospitals injured, but they are ignored, “there is a great omission and negligence to repair, there is a frightening contempt of the Judiciary for women.”

You may be interested: They denounce underreporting of femicides, although authorities presume that crime has been reduced

The data game in Mexico

The National Survey of Urban Public Safety (ENSU) of the INEGI, applied from January to March of this year in 75 cities, registered that 71% of women over 18 consider that the city where they live is unsafe. The cities with the highest percentage are: Fresnillo, Ciudad Obregón, Zacatecas, Cuautitlán Izcalli, Irapuato and Guadalajara.

However, in the morning conference on April 20, President Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador minimized this survey and pointed out that thanks to social programs a decrease in homicides has been achieved, “this is the reality, and you say, what about the perception?”

In the first quarter of this year, there were 2.6 cases of femicide daily in Mexico. So far in 2022, 234 women in total have been murdered based on gender, according to the monthly security report submitted Rosa Icela Rodriguez VelazquezSecretary of Security and Citizen Protection, in said morning conference.

In this same period, but last year, 2021was 256 femicideswhich means that this crime decreased 8.5% in the first 90 days of 2022.

But since 2015, the year official records of femicide in Mexico, this crime has been increasing year after year. So, in the three years of the president’s administration Lopez Obrador the femicide has not gone down. In 2019 there were 947 cases of femicide; in 2020, 949 femicidesY 2021 closed with 977 registrations.

However, the Secretary of Security decided to presume that “in March 2022, the femicide down 34.8% compared to the historical maximum of August 2021 (of 112 cases). We continue with all these months down”.

According to the analysis of the civil organization Common Cause and experts on the matter, there is an underreporting of femicides, because the authorities classify the majority of violent deaths of girls, adolescents and women as intentional homicides, and not as femicides, as established by this judgment of the Supreme Court of Justice of the Nationas we report here.

During January and February 2022, figures from the Executive Secretariat of the National Public Security System indicate that they were murdered 426 women for intentional homicide. And in that same time they were only classified as femicide 161 cases. That is, in total they were murdered 587 womenbut only 27.4% of these murders were classified as femicide.

This April 20, Fabiola Alanis Samanohead of the National Commission to Prevent and Eradicate Violence Against Women (Conavim), informed the Senate that last year a total of 277 violent deaths of girls and women under 17 years of age. Half of these murders were recorded in: State of Mexico, Guanajuato, Zacatecas, Jalisco, Michoacán and Chihuahua.

In addition to the total registration of 2021 femicides (977 cases), the 7.4% correspond to girls and adolescentsnamely 72 femicides.

In this context of increasing violence, Patricia Olamendi maintained “we cannot remain indifferent. The feminists We try to do our best, but we don’t have that much range either. We women are trying to defend the rights that we have left, in the face of a government discourse that criticizes us as if we were doing something very serious.”

Mexico
The article is in Spanish

Tags: Girls women Mexico constant risk suffering femicide

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